Reptiles


Reptiles

HABITAT: There are many different species of reptiles, living in diverse habitats across the world, both aquatic and terrestrial. Reptiles are not present in extremely cold climates, however, as they are ectotherms.
Diet: All reptiles are consumers, meaning that they must eat something in order to get nutrients and energy. Reptiles can be herbivores (plant-eaters), carnivores (meat-eaters), or omnivores (plant and meat-eaters).
Lifespan: The lifespan of reptiles is as diverse as the animals. Some reptiles may live only a few years, such as the panther chameleon, or decades, like the Galapagos tortoise that can live over 100 years.
Their story: Reptiles are a class of animals that have some distinct characteristics (though there are always exceptions).The main reptilian characteristics are:

  1. Ectothermic– Body temperature is controlled by external environment. Sunbathing or basking helps warm them, while they seek shelter in shade or water from excessive heat.
  2. Dry, scaly skin – Reptiles have dry skin that is covered in a protective layer of scales or boney plates called scutes.
  3. Lungs – Unlike amphibians, reptiles breathe air with lungs throughout their entire lives.